The Australian Law Reform Commission’s 2018 report ‘Pathways to Justice–Inquiry into the Incarceration Rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ (ALRC Report 133) is the most recent review of the drivers of over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in detention. In recent years, much attention has been drawn to the of the over-incarceration of black men in the United States, where black men are six times more likely to … Term of operation: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders are 12 times more likely to be in jail than non-Indigenous Australians, and their rate of imprisonment has more than doubled in two decades. The Caucasian incarceration rate fell by 8.5 per cent from 2006 through 2015. This article documents current and historical trends in levels of Aboriginal incarceration at the provincial/territorial and federal levels since 1978. A new report into the distressing and disproportionate rates of incarceration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians sets governments a stark … The Aboriginal Incarceration Worki ng Group aims to develop strategies and plans (within the capacity of NLAF and its members) to address the problem of Aboriginal overrepresentation in NSW adult prisons by focusing on breaches of conditional liberty.. Convenor: Brendan Thomas, Chief Executive Officer, Legal Aid NSW. Incarceration Nation will tell the tragic account of the systemic injustice and oppression of Aboriginal people since … The high rates of Aboriginal admissions to custody have been noted by Commissions of Inquiry, all levels of government, and Corrections texts in Canada for some time. Between the year 2000 and 2010 Australia has seen the imprisonment rates increase by 58.6%, 35.2% of which, being aboriginal men and 22.4% being aboriginal women. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners represented 28 per cent of the national prison population, while comprising a little over 2 per cent of the general population (ABS 2017). Adult Aboriginal people are incarcerated more than six times the national rate. At 30 June 2020: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners made up 29% of all prisoners. One in four Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander males has been to prison. Of Aboriginal people aged 19 to 20 years who have been to prison, more than 60% reoffend. The over-representation of Aboriginal people in Canada’s correctional system continued to grow in the last decade. The report Pathways to Justice - Incarceration Rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) Peoples was delivered to the government in December … the incarceration rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory. The percentage of Aboriginal women in federal prison is even higher – 36 per cent of all female federal inmates are Aboriginal. The increase in impoverished Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander females is alarming. Restorative justice programs could help reduce Indigenous incarceration rates, says chief Cora Morgan worked in the area of justice for nine years. One of the key themes of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody was that imprisonment should be a sanction of last resort.5 Although this principle is enshrined in legislation in most states, it is highly questionable whether it is followed in practice. These include type of offence, charging practices, conviction rates, and sentencing Introduction Although the crime rates have been declining in the past years in Canada, the prison population has been increasing steadily. Unfortunately, there is no simple solution and no single answer. The low charging rates and aboriginal incarceration in B.C. Incarceration is expensive: it has been estimated that the total justice system costs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander incarceration in 2016 were $3.9 billion. Aboriginal people continue to be incarcerated at truly alarming rates. Every death in custody is a tragedy. Indigenous Australians are both convicted of crimes and imprisoned at a disproportionately high rate in Australia, as well as being over-represented as victims of crime.The issue is a complex one, to which federal and state governments as well as Indigenous groups have responded with various analyses and numerous programs and measures. To put it more starkly, between June 2016-June 2017 the rate of incarceration per 100 000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders increased from 2346 to 2434 (or 4%), while the non-Indigenous imprisonment rate increased from 154 to 160 prisoners per 100,000 non-Indigenous population (or 4%). Statement - Minister Wyatt. The reality behind Aboriginal incarceration is a story that dates back well before the advent of modern prisons, government programs and support services. Incarceration rates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. 31 August 2017. This paper begins by critically analysing the way non-Indigenous courts have narrated the sentencing of Indigenous people, particularly through what on the Western Australia is the mother of gaolers of Aboriginal peoples. In the most recent year for which data are available (2000–2001), Aboriginal offenders accounted for 19% of provincial admissions and 17% of federal admissions to custody. The term 'mass-incarceration' is used to characterise the imprisonment of African American people in the United States, but incarceration of [Australian] Aboriginal women and children, in particular, are 20 times that. Since 2000-01, the federal Aboriginal inmate population has increased by 56.2%. Aboriginal incarceration in context. We have looked beyond the justice system to identify the key drivers of high Indigenous is a compelling finding that should be explored further as should high charging levels in other provinces such as Saskatchewan. In recent weeks we’ve had some great wins! Presently, one in 12 of Western Australia’s Aboriginal adult males are in prison and, from a racialised lens, this is the world’s highest gaoling rate. Amnesty is a founding member of the Change the Record (CTR) coalition of organisations fighting for change regarding Aboriginal incarceration and family violence. Canada failing Aboriginal inmates, watchdog says, CTV News (March 7, 2013) Natives hurt more by prison crowding, Winnipeg Free Press (September 14, 2012) Aboriginal Incarceration & Redemption Inc., Canadian Press (January 16, 2012) The national shame of aboriginal incarceration… Sentencing in Canada is beset by many problems, yet one weakness stands above the rest: the disproportionately high rates of Aboriginal incarceration. Those who are homeless are at increased risk for incarceration; equally, those just released from prison are particularly vulnerable to homelessness. How can we reduce Aboriginal incarceration rates? no. Aboriginal corrections and Indigenous groups hope the recommendation will not be forgotten. Submission to the Australian Law Reform Commission. The shocking fact regarding the prison population is the disproportionality of the number of minorities, especially Blacks and Aboriginals. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate decreased by 1% from 2,304 to 2,285 prisoners per 100,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adult population. To reduce soaring Aboriginal prison rates it is essential to invest in psycho-social healing, counselling, empowerment, education and rehabilitation.. As with many programs designed to 'cure' Aboriginal issues, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners accounted for just over a quarter (28%) of the total Australian prisoner population. — Charandev Singh, who assists families whose relatives have died in custody Some may argue that the system is fair and unbiased but is it just that aboriginal people have a 14.8% greater chance to be imprisoned than non-aboriginal people. The terms of reference formally refer the inquiry into the incarceration rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to the ALRC. Aboriginal Incarceration . The total Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population in Australia aged 18 years and over in 2018 was approximately 2% (based on Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. Aboriginal women have higher rates of homelessness than non-Aboriginal women and they are overrepresented in the prison population. Western Australia gaols its non-Indigenous residents at less than 200 per 100,000 adults while it is a diabolically radical story for Aboriginal residents, with an incarceration rate of 3,686 gaoled per 100,000 Aboriginal … Through all the work I do as Minister for Indigenous Australian we’re working to address the factors that contribute to high incarceration rates – these include health, education and employment outcomes for Indigenous Australians. In 1991, as now, Aboriginal people constituted just under 3% of the Australian population. A number of other factors also come into play in the use of incarceration. 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