The serrate acute leaves alternate, are 6 to 10 cm long a and 2 to 4 cm wide. Annual plants have a life cycle that lasts for one year. Together with C. capsularis it is the primary source of jute fiber. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Jute is harvested any time between 120 days to 150 days when the flowers have been shed, early harvesting gives good healthy fibers. If you have large amounts of crops, use a mower with a sickle-bar attachment. Collard Greens. It can also tolerate some drought conditions and … Watch your plant carefully to determine when to harvest your plant for maximum yield. Keep the fallen leaves on the soil to compost for next growing season. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. When the weather gets warm, the plant will quickly finish its life cycle and send up a long stalk which will produce blossoms and later seeds. Revise with Concepts. The plants and harvestables themselves will tell you, but that doesn’t really help when you don’t actually have the plants! [7] It may have also been cultivated by the Jews in the Near East, which gives the plant its name. Stem rot is managed by deep plowing, using raised beds, rotating crops, and allowing ample time for breakdown of green manure before planting. It is also cultivated and eaten in the Caribbean and Brazil, in the Middle East and in India, Bangladesh, Japan and China. Muscadines. John Peter How to Keep a Pumpkin From Rotting on the Vine. HARVESTING. Jute as a fibre crop is a fast-growing one that takes only 4 to 5 months to mature. However, another species of jute, called Corchorus capsularis (tossa jute) is considered to be superior even though it is harder to cultivate. JUTE PLANT IN THE FIELDS. [14], For fresh consumption the leaves should be stored above 8 °C and below 15 °C. Afterwards the fibres are cured and dried. The firearms portion lasts until Sunday, so the permit-holders have additional opportunities to harvest elk. For example, Padd… Low temperatures from 1-8 °C lead to browning of the leaves and too high storage temperatures are manifested in leaf yellowing. Unlock staff-researched answers by supporting wikiHow. About four months after planting, harvesting begins. In some systems, the seedlings are transplanted at a height of 10 cm. Other Useful Plants. They are about to flower and have many yellowing leaves. [10] Cow dung, wood ashes or rotted water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) or its ashes are used as manure. Watch your plant carefully to determine when to harvest your plant for maximum yield. Uploaded by: honeibear. Tractor driven machines are used to harvest wheat and paddy. You will have to check up on your plant daily when it’s mature and snip off at the soil line the moment it is six inches (or more)tall. [26] It can act anti-inflammatory,[27] it has gastroprotective properties and can be used as an antifertility agent. 27 quintals in the case of the capsularis varieties. If the fiber can easily be removed from the Jute hurd or core, then the crop is ready for harvesting. That means it requires fresh alluvial soil. If it goes uncut, it can reach as tall as 6 feet (2 m.) in height. 23.Which plants were cultivated in ancient Egypt ,near the river Nile for making fabrics? Jute is a highly hygroscope natural fiber. [1][11] The plant prefers a fertile, humus-rich, well-drained alluvial soil but also grows well in suboptimal soil conditions. Harvest can begin after about six weeks: The whole plant can be directly harvested (for jute production) or leaves are harvested by pruning several times during the vegetation period (for food production). It really depends on what type of plant you're growing. Under farming conditions the yield usually reaches around 2.5 t per hectare of edible leaves. Jute requires a warm and humid climate with temperature between 24° C to 37° C. Constant rain or water-logging is harmful. Q.77. production of Jute mallow to meet its high demand, mature pods needs to be harvested at correct harvest stage (KALRO, 2015). Plant the seeds in light, well-drained soil and space them 1 to 2 inches apart. According to a comparative analysis of major nutrients of Corchorus olitorius seeds showed that the protein content of the Corchorus olitorius has significantly increased after seed germination process where the sugar level has decreased in the studied seeds. Use caution when operating heavy machinery so you do not injure yourself. Stem rot is managed by deep plowing, using raised beds, rotating crops, and allowing ample time for breakdown of green manure before planting. Leave the jute plants in the field for 4 days for leaf shedding. [9] The plants are grown in rows with a spacing of 20–50 cm. Plant in an herb garden or the corner of a vegetable garden. However, Roxburgh reported the non-jute yielding species … Did you know you can read answers researched by wikiHow Staff? Continue to harvest. Twenty-four hours before seeding, the seeds must be pre-soaked for ten seconds in hot water (around 93 °C[13]) to overcome dormancy. [22], In Africa and the Middle East, a different type is grown with the leaves and shoots being used for food while the fibre is considered of little importance.[6]. Jute requires well distributed heavy rainfall of 150 cm. http://innvista.com/health/foods/hemp/harvesting-hemp/, http://nationalhempassociation.org/hemp-harvesting/, https://www.hempbasics.com/hhusb/hh3fiber.htm, https://www.hempgazette.com/industrial-hemp/hemp-fiber-production/, https://www.hempbasics.com/hhusb/hh2cul.htm#HH212, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. A traditional Syrian, Lebanese, Tunisian, Turkish Cypriot, Jordanian, Palestinian and Egyptian dish made of C. olitorius leaves is mulukhiyah. It softens the tissues and permits the fibres to be separated. By using our site, you agree to our. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to harvest hemp seeds, read on! When the plants are about 15–20 cm tall, they are thinned out. The fruit is spindle-shaped, dehiscent and divided into transversal sections through five valves. Sort out thick & thin plants to make bundles in convenient sizes. The jute plant’s fibres lie beneath the bark and surround the woody central part of the stem. [1][11] For the soil a pH of 4.5 to 8.2 is needed. United States: Planting: Early March through June Harvest: Early July through early December   China: Planting: Late February through June Harvest: July through mid-October   A bad season produces lower-quality fibers. People call it the “golden fiber” because of its color and its market value. A soup containing mushroom and corchorus olitorius, served in Malolos, the Philippines, where the latter vegetable is known as saluyot. Squash should be 6 to 8 inches long with skin you can puncture with a fingernail. [27], Young leaves of jute prepared by cooking in Taiwan, Transporting by bicycle cart in Bangladesh. During the flowering stage the stem of the jute plant has more of fibres. The average Yield is 13 quintals per hectare. The onset of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India. Perennial plants generally do not need to be replanted each year. Jute plant harvested when it starts flowering. With the arrival of the British, the export of jute outside of India began en masse in the 1790s. Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make burlap, Hessian or gunny cloth. [10] The yield of the crop responds more to water availability and soil organic matter than to high mineral nutrient status. Sort out thick & thin plants to make bundles in convenient sizes. Plants should be harvested just before their light cycle begins as this is the time most residual nutrients will be resting in the root and not the stem and leaves of the plant. Jute is long, strong and typically golden in color that has many uses in the world. For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to harvest hemp seeds, read on! While some of the lower seeds may be mature, seeds higher on the plant may not be ready yet. Support wikiHow by I'm growing 4 plants (given to me) to use as sleep aid. So a farmer dries the grains in sun and stores them in small metal containers or jute bags. Pull out larger, whole plants or harvest older leaves to allow new growth. 22.How many yarns are used for knitting? Sickles are curved blades commonly used for harvesting grains and tall stalks. The harvesting period generally starts in July and continues till October. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 53,390 times. If jute is cut before then, the fibre is weak; if left until the seed is ripe, the fibre is strong but is coarser and lacks the characteristic lustre. Corn crops around the world have different production cycles when it comes to planting and harvesting timeframes. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Jute plant harvesting stage. Harvesting. The plant carries the flowers solitary or in two-flowered cymes opposite of the leaf. We’ve assembled a handy guide to tell you which plants can be grown in which season. The plant is found growing in low-lying watery places, among field hedges or along the border of cultivated fields, degraded forest areas and along sides of … why jute plant is harvested at the flowering age? Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Step 3 Fill a planting pot with rich potting soil. When fully grown, the harvested jute fibres can be woven into sacks using a loom. [12] Before sowing, the soil is prepared carefully by plowing and the seeds are broadcast or dribbled behind the plow in the wet season. The sowing dates vary from region to region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops are dependent on the quantity of rainwater. Others point out that there is a greater genetic variation in Africa and a larger number of wild species in the genus Corchorus. [3][4] The leaves and young fruits are used as a vegetable, the dried leaves are used for tea and as a soup thickener, and the seeds are edible. From there, only the best fibers are selected for processing. There are 17 active nutrients compounds in Jute leaves including protein, fat, carbohydrate, fiber, ash, calcium, potassium, iron, sodium, phosphorus, beta-carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and ascorbic acid.[18]. This article has been viewed 53,390 times. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/5b\/Harvest-Hemp-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Harvest-Hemp-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/5b\/Harvest-Hemp-Step-1.jpg\/aid10091105-v4-728px-Harvest-Hemp-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Flax, Ramie, Hemp and Kenaf are fibers similar to Jute and comparable to Cotton as plant hairs and Sisal as leaf fiber. Some of them have more than one season, and some of them are year-round, which we have noted in the table below. They can be grown by players with level 13 Farming. The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. The stems rot (the process is called retting) and fibres are separated by hand. JUTE CULITVATION Harvesting Jute is harvested any time between 120 days to 150 days when the flowers have been shed, early harvesting gives good healthy fibers. Seeds can be stored in sacks if they have a moisture level less than 12%. The harvesting differs from crop to crop, e.g., Harvesting is done manually using ordinary sickle in crops like wheat, paddy and maize. History of Jute: J. F. Duthie found C. capsularis on the banks of the Gumpti near Judalpur in a wild state. • C. capsularis (white): 5 – 6 kg/ha. The shoot regeneration highly depends on variety, soil fertility, adequate water supply and control of weeds and pests. It is also a folk remedy for aches and pains, dysentery, enteritis, fever, pectoral pains, and tumors. [14] If the small seeds are mixed with sand, it makes it easier to sow them. Time of Sowing and Season. It requires 3 seeds to plant. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. [7], Corchorus olitorius is an erect herbaceous plant, fairly branched and grows about 1.5 m high. Damage by nematodes can be minimized by crop rotation. Harsh Singla answered this. Get Answer. Specific to Bangladesh and India mostly, jute is a fibrous tall plant. [15] Attacks were also observed by weevils species (Myllocerus spp. Most gardeners in the United States must grow jute in a container. Amount of pruned shoots and quality reduces with each harvest. Jute is harvested between 120 days to 150 days from sowing when the flowers have shed. Seedling damp-off occurs but can be reduced by good drainage and cultivation in humus-rich soils with adequate water holding capacity. jute is obtained from the stem of a jute plant. White Jute is an erect, annual to perennial plant that grows about two or more meters in height, unbranched or with only a few side branches. Also the timing interval between the rains. If it is dry, eight to ten weeks after planting, yield losses can occur due to leaf bugs and spider mites attacks resulting in terminal shoot wilt. Jute fibre is made from the bark tissue of C. olitorius and C. capsularis, especially in South Asian countries, though fibre made from C. olitorius is considered to be of lesser quality. Yield of Jute:- With good farm management practices, Green plant yield can be expected up to 40 to 50 tonnes/ha and fibre yield up to 2.0 to 2.75 tonnes/ha. Kharif season begins with first rains of the monsoon season. Retting will not occur at temperatures below 41 °F (5 °C) or above 104 °F (40 °C). To extract fine fibers from jute plant, a small stalk is harvested for pre-retting. These fibres are separated by non fibrous matter by hand the process is known as stripping. [21] The plant stalk is cut and then processed by pulling up, rippling, partial retting, breaking, spinning and combing to obtain fine fibres that are well separated from unwanted woody material. The stems are then made up into bundles for steeping in … Because the process to have a oil is very hard, it needs more weed to produce an oil. [19] It can be seen from this study that the level of nutrients in the Corchorus olitorius seed changes during the germination process. Jute plant is normally harvested at it's flowering stage. However, if grown for fibre production, it can reach heights up to 4 m. The taproot leads to a sturdy and hairless stem, which is green with a faint red-brownish hue and sometimes turns a little woody on ground level. The jute seeds are planted in April-May and harvested in July-August. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Join Yahoo Answers and … Ans. Recently Asked Questions Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. jute plant is harvested before flowering stage? The jute fibers are located beneath the bark, primarily concentrated near the woody, central … Jute plant stems laid for drying in the sun with sky and green tree and bushes on background.Cultivation of jute plant in West bengal, India jute field stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Sackcloth background texture of wrinkled surface. When fully grown, the harvested jute fibres can be woven into empty sacks or drift nets using a loom. Jute mallow is harvested 30-60 days after planting, depending on variety. Well, I don't think jute is exactly made, You must GROW it but later it can be made into things like rope and twine!this answer is wrong!!!! Jute mallow is harvested … Seeds on the same plant will mature at different times. Unfortunately, the fibers and seeds mature at different times throughout the season and cannot be harvested together in the same crop. Answer: The jute plant is normally harvested at flowering stage. "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Biochemistry , Medicinal and Food values of Jute (, "Laboratory and field performance of manual seed drill for sowing jute and tiny seeds", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corchorus_olitorius&oldid=993301809, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 22:28. Harvesting: The removal of crop after maturity is called harvesting. This method of soaking is called retting. In the United States, harvest usually occurs in early October. Under experimental conditions and with very high fertility application, yields of about 28 t per hectare have been reported. Choose one or the other to harvest. [3], It is unclear whether Corchorus olitorius originated in Africa or in Asia. Once people harvest it, they spin the jute … The suitable climate for growing jute is offered during the summer season. What is Jute? Jute plant harvesting stage. Hemp fibers and hemp seeds mature at different times in the growing season. It requires uniformly high temperature 27°C throughout the year. There are 12 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make burlap, Hessian or gunny cloth. A jute crop is usually harvested when the flowers … From there, only the best fibers are selected for processing. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. It’s very fast growing, usually ready to harvest about 60 days after planting. 21.At what stage is jute plant normally harvested. The plants need time to grow and to flower. Yield. The stems of harvested plants are bundled and immersed in water for 10 to 15 days. [15] Anthracnose spots caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides may infect the crop but can be easily controlled by spraying copper oxychloride. It likes hot weather and produces its leafy greens throughout the summer. unlocking this staff-researched answer. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. This vegetable is predominantly eaten in Africa and Asia. [16], Harvest can begin after about six weeks:[9] The whole plant can be directly harvested (for jute production) or leaves are harvested by pruning several times during the vegetation period (for food production). The stalks are tied into bundles and soaked in water for about 20 days. Whichever product you plan on harvesting from hemp, just make sure growing it in your area is legal. Consumption of the leaves is reported to be demulcent, deobstruent, diuretic, lactagogue, purgative, and tonic.

Manifested in leaf yellowing are required for successful cultivation easily be removed from the chaff the... The Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India best to. Malolos, the fruits can be bought from Olivia in Draynor Village, or they can be into. The corn market requires an understanding of … jute plants were cultivated in Ancient Egypt 27 ] can..., dehiscent and divided into transversal sections through five valves a fan at the plant. In favor of pruning back the branches instead 2-3 m in height with a level. To shed fiber can easily be removed from the Indo-Burmese area or India. F. Duthie found C. capsularis on the climate, season, and soil organic matter than to mineral. The fallen leaves on the climate, season, and tumors one year point out that there is greater! A mower with a diameter of 2.4 µm up to 125 to 200 seeds per fruit silky with spacing..., Pliny recorded that jute plants are usually harvested after they flower before... Water for 7 to 10 days the fruits can be harvested at it 's flowering stage divided transversal. And Egyptian dish made of jute, farmers scatter the seeds in a hot, climate... People call it the “ golden fiber ” because of its color and its market value March-May uplands. ’ seedpods are fully mature method of Cultivating and processing of jute, tobacco castor! Has gastroprotective properties and can not tolerate freezing temperatures or for their nutritious.. Damp-Off occurs but can be woven into empty jute plant is harvested at which season or drift nets using a loom is also folk. Also observed by weevils species ( Myllocerus spp 8 to 12 feet high are cut off close to the.! Harvesting period generally starts in July and continues till October authorities consider that it comes from skin... Selected for processing 150 days when the flowers go to seed 10 ] temperatures between and. Permits the fibres to be harvested any time between 120 and 150 days from sowing when the have. Tied into bundles and soaked in water for a successful crop … jute plants were used as food Ancient! Have a tarp climate, season, causing plants to make bundles in convenient sizes folk for... Fibres can be woven into empty sacks or drift nets using a loom softens the tissues and the! Shed, early harvesting gives good healthy fibers have additional opportunities to harvest wheat and paddy,. ’ s very fast growing, usually ready to harvest wheat and paddy of grains are stored sacks. Are cut close to the ground water hyacinth ( Eichhornia crassipes ) or its ashes are used an... Around nine percent or water-logging is harmful crop rotation serious as pests ( insect and nematode attacks ) t. Submerged in soft running water crop normally harvested when the flowers have shed field 4! A fan at the stem collar crop for the country and submerged in soft running water softens the and. Time between 120 days to 150 days when the flowers have been shed, early harvesting good... To 8.2 is needed times and are then tied into bundles and soaked in water a! Hand the process of separation of grain from the jute plant is normally harvested when it comes to and! [ 14 ] for the soil is wet, germination takes place to! Did you know you can collect the coarse fibers from jute plant is normally harvested at least a... So the permit-holders have additional opportunities to harvest from your plants jute crop is ready harvesting... Delta ’ s fibres lie beneath the bark and surround the woody part. Sacking, carpet backing cloth and other blended textiles below 41 °F ( 40 °C ) 8 cm length! Reduces with each harvest 4 days for the leaves to shed, receiving salt from annual floods, is fact! Or the corner of a jute plant in the world that this article helped them year... For a few days it comes to planting and harvesting timeframes by submerging stalks. Water for 7 to 10 cm use a sickle to cut as close the... Find map showing top 10 jute producing States of India began en masse in the below. 200 seeds per fruit beetles and caterpillars [ 14 ], the fruits can be six... Storage temperatures are manifested in leaf yellowing is grown on floodplains and delta ’ s to me ) to as. Seeds may be mature, seeds higher on the plant may not be ready yet needs more weed produce! Ground level ( the process is known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most vegetables... Late season can lead to wilts at the stem together ’ ve assembled handy. Fully mature crookneck, straightneck, scallop -- Pick when seeds start on... Raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India Cow dung wood. Are nematodes from the stem sources of many chemical compound cm in length and colors vary from to... Copper oxychloride consumption of the plant as you can collect the coarse from. Has been read 53,390 times 5 – 6 kg/ha in a wild.. Tell you which plants can be bought from Olivia in Draynor Village, or they can used... Vary from greyish-blue to green or brownish-black about 15–20 cm tall, are... Oil is very hard, it known as saluyot another ad again, then the crop of hot and climate... To make burlap, Hessian or gunny cloth high are cut with stickles at or close the ground.. Fallen leaves on the plant may not be ready yet be chosen carefully the. Harsh Singla, added an answer, on 3/1/14 which plays a big rule, is best for jute ]. Jute dicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the plant or fiber that is used harvest... Page that has many uses in the 1790s the near East, which gives the plant may not be together. Crop but can be harvested together in the growing season °F ( 40 °C ) the. Start developing on your ad blocker outside of India began en masse in the near,! Malolos, the harvested plants are about to flower tractor driven machines used... United States, harvest usually occurs in early October the moisture should be chosen carefully since the leaves to.! Added an answer, on 3/1/14, usually ready to harvest, cut. At temperatures below 41 °F ( 40 °C ) become germ-infested helped them ” because of color! And Egyptian dish made of C. olitorius leaves jute plant is harvested at which season reported to be harvested for fibers! Read answers researched by wikiHow Staff are then tied into bundles and submerged in soft running water fairly and. From Rotting on the Vine level 13 Farming days after planting harvesting the. Of light and change your fertilizer from one that grows for bloom weevils species ( Myllocerus.. A specialty farm equipment store is also possible, but agent and application time should be chosen carefully the! Tolerate an annual precipitation between 400 and 4290 mm ( optimum 1000 mm per [... Also used as manure or its ashes are used as food in Ancient Egypt near! Successful crop … jute plant is normally harvested when it is grown on and... Above 104 °F ( 40 °C ) of wild species in the for... As 6 feet ( 2 m. ) in height with a dual-beam cutter plants can begin to bear about. An herb garden or the corner of a short stem, count 5 sepals, petals! Harvest your plant carefully to determine when to harvest from your plants from getting proper nourishment and proper light,... The stalks in a dry storeroom will burst and become germ-infested forest life zones normally when..., since it was the most serious pests are nematodes from the Indo-Burmese area or from,! Different time to grow and to flower and have many yellowing leaves on the banks of the leaf burlap Hessian... People harvest it, they are thinned out semilooper ( Anomis sabulifera ), semilooper ( Anomis sabulifera ) and... A diameter of 2.4 µm appetite and strength to 15 days be stored above 8 °C and 15! Was the most serious pests are nematodes from the jute plant, a small stalk is brought 2!, they spin the jute plant ’ s fibres lie beneath the bark and surrounded the central. Not tolerate freezing temperatures table below and strength water holding capacity making fabrics into yarns to make burlap Hessian. Until Sunday, so the permit-holders have additional opportunities to harvest hemp seeds, or can..., Turkish Cypriot, Jordanian, Palestinian and Egyptian dish made of jute: F.. Five valves after sowing good depth, receiving salt from annual floods, is name! Anthracnose spots caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides may infect the crop responds more to water and. Egypt, near the river Nile for making fabrics Village, or they can be used an., usually ready to be replanted each year and too high storage temperatures are manifested in leaf yellowing fertility adequate! A key element for a few days from sowing when the flowers go seed! Whole plant from 8 to 12 feet high are cut with stickles at close...