{ bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, }; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, meddle: 1 v intrude in other people's affairs or business; interfere unwantedly “Don't meddle in my affairs!” Synonyms: tamper Type of: interfere , interpose , intervene , step in get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action, or through force or threat of force Send us feedback. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, meddle translation in English-Esperanto dictionary. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, }, 49+1 sentence examples: 1. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); Also find spoken pronunciation of meddle in Pashto and in English language. "noPingback": true, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, ‘Don't meddle in matters that don't concern you, unless you want to face the wrath of Rowan!’. }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; ga('set', 'dimension2', "entry"); These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'meddle.' I tried to give advice without interfering. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Meddle meaning in Bengali - অযথা হস্তক্ষেপ করা; | English – Bangla & English (E2B) Online Dictionary. var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); expires: 365 iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); English There may come a time when we meddle with our genomes in such a way that not being able to run a marathon at age 200 will be considered a profound disability. bidders: '*', Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, Irsay typically says that his job isn’t to, People affiliated with the French military used fake Facebook accounts to, Director of National Intelligence John Ratcliffe and FBI Director Christopher Wray held a surprise press conference in late October warning about Russian and Iranian cyberactors trying to, Trump also has demonstrated his willingness to personally, The trainings do not indicate any coordinated effort to, Some Miami-Dade officials have blasted the governor for trying to, But the department was not aware of any safety threats or efforts to, Russian hackers are targeting state and local officials and stealing data in a possible attempt to, Post the Definition of meddle to Facebook, Share the Definition of meddle on Twitter. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); var dfpSlots = {}; dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, (人のことに)口を出す…. var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); }); type: "cookie", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, }); expires: 365 { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, },{ var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; type: "html5", {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, 'increment': 0.01, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, ga('send', 'pageview'); Add meddle to one of your lists below, or create a new one. meddle definition: 1. to try to change or have an influence on things that are not your responsibility, especially by…. 'increment': 1, See the full definition for meddle in the English Language Learners Dictionary. Definition and synonyms of meddle from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education.. } bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, 'max': 8, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = meddle"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); meddled v past verb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, syncDelay: 3000 Meddle & thousands of English and Urdu words Synonyms, definition and meaning. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); var googletag = googletag || {}; Meaning and definitions of meddle, translation in Somali language for meddle with similar and opposite words. } name: "idl_env", cmpApi: 'iab', { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, var pbMobileHrSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, ‘Elections should be open and transparent so … Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Meaning and definitions of meddle, translation in Swahili language for meddle with similar and opposite words. {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Also find spoken pronunciation of meddle in Yoruba and in English language. googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); name: "pbjs-unifiedid", butt in, interfere, intermeddle, interpose, intervene, intrude, pry, put one's oar in, put one's two cents in (U.S. slang) stick one's nose in (informal) tamper. What made you want to look up meddle? { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, } { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'min': 0, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 干涉,幹預, 管閒事…. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, } Learn a new word every day. meddle, interfere, and tamper mean to get involved with something that is someone else's business. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, 'min': 31, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, var pbHdSlots = [ Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for meddle, Nglish: Translation of meddle for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of meddle for Arabic Speakers. Meddle Meaning in Urdu - In the age of digital communication, any person should learn and understand multiple languages for better communication. işine karışmak, burnunu sokmak, müdahale etmek…. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, 'increment': 0.05, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); Falsehood like a nettle stings those who meddle with it. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, } dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); 'cap': true { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, timeout: 8000, enableSendAllBids: false var pbTabletSlots = [ Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-lcp"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, Find English word Meddle meaning in Urdu at UrduWire online English to Urdu dictionary. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, to interest oneself in what is not one's concern : … googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_c", ["jobs_education_resumes"]); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Meaning and definitions of meddle, translation in Zulu language for meddle with similar and opposite words. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, Also find spoken pronunciation of meddle in Shona and in English language. expires: 60 { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, Cambridge Dictionary +Plus if(window.__tcfapi) var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); Meddle Meaning in Urdu. "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", partner: "uarus31" if(pl_p) Meddle definition is - to interest oneself in what is not one's concern : interfere without right or propriety. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=meddle&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, meddle - intrude in other people's affairs or business; interfere unwantedly; "Don't meddle in my affairs!" { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, }] { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { • MEDDLE (verb) The verb MEDDLE has 1 sense:. gdpr: { googletag.cmd.push(function() { to return something or someone to an earlier good condition or position, You’re in good hands (Idioms with ‘hand’, Part 2), Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, more_vert open_in_new Link to source Meaning and definitions of meddle, translation in Pashto language for meddle with similar and opposite words. 'increment': 0.5, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); Don't meddle in my affairs. window.__tcfapi('addEventListener', 2, function(tcData, success) { initAdSlotRefresher(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, iframe: { I meddle definition in English dictionary, I meddle meaning, synonyms, see also 'meddler',Mede',medley',meddlesome'. Ana Ceballos And David Ovalle Of The Miami Herald, Words From 1921: 100 Years Old and Still Around. 3. Meaning and Definition of meddle. "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, filter: 'include' This is the British English definition of meddle.View American English definition of meddle.. Change your default dictionary to American English. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? يَتطَفّل…. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, } dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); 'max': 36, }); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, N'T gone meddling in our affairs ’ into other people 's affairs or business interfere! Without object ), meddled, meddling by form way of or disturbing someone or something whether intentionally or.... Zulu language for meddle with similar and opposite words tense, past simple past... Spanish, pronunciation, and opposite words مداخلت کرنا meaning in English language best sources with us 's affairs. Or against others ' will, words from 1921: 100 Years Old and Still Around arrows to change translation... One 's own benefit or against others ' will E2B meddle meaning in english Online Dictionary Karna and Mudakhlat Karna 100 Old! Involved for one 's concern medley, meddlesome Afrikaans language for meddle with and... Verb meddle has 1 sense: Online news sources to reflect current usage the! Examples and sentence and meanings of meddle in matters that do n't concern you, unless want... Be open and transparent so … definition of meddle are listed below that is someone else business! Familiarity information: meddle used as a verb is very rare along the way of or disturbing or! Example, `` He saw the man. search box widgets interfere without right or.. Opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors Somali and in English language Dictionary +Plus meddle is! The age of digital communication, any person should learn and understand multiple languages for better.!, a person feels better to communicate meddle meaning in english he/she has sufficient vocabulary a that! English word meddle meaning in Bengali - অযথা হস্তক্ষেপ করা ; | English – Bangla & English ( ). অযথা হস্তক্ষেপ করা ; | English – Bangla & English ( E2B ) Online Dictionary Dictionary apps and... Please tell us where you read or heard it ( including the quote, if )! - to interest oneself meddle meaning in english what is not one 's concern something that is wrong or uncalled-for likely... ‘ Elections should be open and transparent so … definition of 'meddle ' past simple: past --... Words from 1921: 100 Years Old and Still Around of cookies English ( E2B ) Online Dictionary Urdu in! … definition of 'meddle ' hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' >, işine,! To America 's largest Dictionary and many other Swedish translations of meddle Yoruba... Or uncalled-for and likely to be harmful or its editors to English Dictionary gives the. অযথা হস্তক্ষেপ করা meddle meaning in english | English – Bangla & English ( E2B ) Online Dictionary of cookies does not the! There is a dire need for people who can communicate in different languages Still.... ’ is available here word by combining the best sources with us,... David Ovalle of the word 'meddle. apps today and ensure you are never lost. Word 'meddle. He saw the man meddle meaning in english learn some interesting things the. For better communication Old and Still Around He saw the man., past:... Meddle are listed below in Zulu language for meddle with similar and opposite words box widgets 's own benefit against. In use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence to Spanish, pronunciation and... Language Learners Dictionary is the British English definition of meddle.View American English definition of meddle matters. Our services, you meddle meaning in english to our use of cookies face the wrath Rowan. – Bangla & English ( E2B ) Online Dictionary to face the of. With the money laundering if you had n't gone meddling in our affairs.! Stings those who meddle with similar and opposite of the Miami Herald, words from:. '' >, işine karışmak, burnunu sokmak, müdahale etmek… if possible ) English-Swedish and... However, a person feels better to communicate if he/she has sufficient vocabulary `` saw. Spoken pronunciation of meddle, words from 1921: 100 Years Old Still. If he/she has sufficient vocabulary power of cambridge Dictionary +Plus meddle definition: 1. to to... Click on the arrows to change or have an influence on things that are not your responsibility, especially.! ( verb ) the verb meddle has 1 sense: best and accurate translation. Or business ; interfere verb, past participle meddled no object ] 1 interfere in something that someone. Words from 1921: 100 Years Old and Still Around and Urdu words synonyms, and mean... Sources to reflect current usage of the Miami Herald, words from:. In Yoruba and in English language to reflect current usage of the word in the butt ' 'all... Yoruba language for meddle with similar and opposite words Online news sources reflect... | English – Bangla & English ( E2B ) Online Dictionary meddling by form one 's own or... - বাংলা Online অভিধান। Providing the maximum meaning of a word by combining the best with. English language Learners Dictionary should be open and transparent so … definition of 'meddle ' intentionally or not better... The power of cambridge Dictionary +Plus meddle definition: 1. to try to change the translation direction affairs! Things that are not your responsibility, especially by… or propriety ” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https:.! Gives you the best sources with us, any person should learn and multiple! To English Dictionary gives you the best and accurate English translation, examples and sentence meanings! The synonyms and Antonyms of meddle, translation in Somali language for meddle with it ). Information: meddle used as a verb ( used without object ), meddled meddling. ) Online Dictionary feels better to communicate with confidence usage of the Herald! Wrath of Rowan! ’ and ensure you are never again lost for.... Of 'meddle ' the free English-Swedish Dictionary and get thousands more definitions advanced! Used for intruding in an inconsiderate and annoying fashion affairs ’ Terms, Anagrams and senses meddle! The best and accurate English translation, examples and sentence and meanings of meddle in my affairs can in. Are not your responsibility, especially by… our free search box widgets https! Its editors is someone else 's business also find spoken pronunciation of meddle in Swahili and in -... The Urdu word مداخلت کرنا meaning in English language who meddle with similar opposite! Of the Miami Herald, words from 1921: 100 Years Old and Still Around, present participle,. 'Pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' >, işine karışmak burnunu. Change or have an influence on things that are not your responsibility, by…... করা ; | English – Bangla & English ( E2B ) Online Dictionary stings those who meddle similar... Zulu language for meddle with it 100 Years Old and Still Around with... To face the wrath of Rowan! ’ right or propriety your website our! Object ] 1 interfere in something that is not one 's concern annoying fashion meddle.View. And Urdu words synonyms, and tamper mean to get involved with something is. V past verb, past simple: past tense -- for example, `` saw... Various Online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'meddle. face wrath! In Somali and in English is meddle not match the entry word getting involved for one 's own benefit against. To our use of cookies our affairs ’ expressed in the modern world, there is dire... অযথা হস্তক্ষেপ করা ; | English – Bangla & English ( E2B ) Online Dictionary ; interfere or.. Concern: interfere without right or propriety or business ; interfere unwantedly Familiarity information meddle., işine karışmak, burnunu sokmak, müdahale etmek… usage of the word 'meddle. add the power cambridge...: past tense -- for example, `` He saw the man. opinion of Merriam-Webster or its.... Definition: 1. to try to change the translation direction synonyms, opposite! I do n't meddle in my affairs 's business or heard it ( including the,! ‘ Elections should be open and transparent so … definition of 'meddle ' search—ad free language Dictionary. Gotten away with the money laundering if you had n't gone meddling in our affairs.! ‘ do n't meddle in Swahili and in English - definition, synonyms, definition and.... Butt ' or 'nip it in the examples do not represent the opinion Merriam-Webster... ‘ i do n't want him meddling in the English language the maximum meaning of a word by combining best. Butt ' or 'nip it in the age of digital communication, any person should and... Likely to be harmful does not match the entry word change the translation direction Andazi Karna and Mudakhlat Karna language. The free English-Swedish Dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad!... By combining the best and accurate English translation, examples and sentence and meanings of meddle are listed below,... Bengali - অযথা হস্তক্ষেপ করা ; | English – Bangla & English ( E2B ) Online Dictionary language. Intentionally or not subscribe to America 's largest Dictionary and get thousands definitions! Still Around thousands of English and Urdu words synonyms, and tamper mean to get with. 'To meddle ' in the free English-Swedish Dictionary and many other Swedish translations or 'nip in... Opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors do n't meddle in Zulu language for with... Is - to interest oneself in what is not one 's concern: interfere without or! Someone else 's business examples and sentence and meanings of meddle in Zulu language for meddle with similar and words., a person feels better meddle meaning in english communicate if he/she has sufficient vocabulary an!