Delhi Since 1951, Muslims have gained by 12 percentage points, and Christians by more than 2 percentage points. The huge growth in urban population during the past decade 2001-2011 (92.72 %) could be attributed squarely to the manifold increase in number of Towns in the State between 2001 & 2011 from 159 to 520. The community included famous families such as the Hirjis or Marshalls. Issues such as widespread poverty, unemployment and educational backwardness began to change. 458-56. "Planning for the 2001 Census of India Based on the 1991 Census", "Census of India: Variation in Population since 1901", "National Register of Citizens in Assam: Issue of illegal foreigners continues to be a major political one", "Assam: Overhaul of National Register of Citizens sparks controversy", "Despite stains, democracy has thrived in India", "Census: Hindu share dips below 80%, Muslim share grows but slower", "Demographic Dividend and Indian Muslims - i", "Table 1.8: Population of India by Religion", Census of India, 1951, Volume 1, Part 1-A – Report, Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1951_Census_of_India&oldid=991067480, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 02:31. [50] The caste system became prevalent in Kerala later than any other parts of India after fourth and fifth century AD. In that around 61% of them are Catholics and they are Latin Catholic Church, Syro-Malabar Catholic Church and Syro-Malankara Catholic Church.[52]. [28] The Muslims in Kerala are now considered as section of Indian Muslims marked by recovery, change and positive involvement in the modern world. District wise population of Kerala. The so-called "Rules of the Tirukkunavay Temple" provided model and precedent for all other Jain temples of Kerala. Miller, E. Roland. 1987 pp. Population of Tamil speakers in 1951 Census: 26,546,764 (7.43% of total Indian population) Population of Tamil Nadu in 2001 Census of India – 62,405,679; Population of Tamil speakers in 2001 Census: 60,793,814 (6.26% of total Indian population) Population of Tamil Nadu in 2011 Census … The first Roman Catholic Diocese in India was founded at Quilon in the year 1329 with the Catalan Dominican friar Jordanus Catalani as first Bishop. Latin Rite Christians has protracted over eleven centuries and the work of evangelization was revived by the western missionaries in the 13th century. The Jews were protected. According to 2001 Census of India figures, 56.2% of Kerala's residents are Hindus, 24.7% are Muslims, 19% are Christians, and the remaining 1.1% follows other religions. The Jews and Arabs were the pioneers in spice trade.he Islam religion was spread through these traders who came from Middle East. Work Participation Rate by Religion Work participation rate, i.e., the percentage of workers to total population for the country is 39.1 per cent in 2001 Census. As per 2011 census Kerala population religion wise, Hinduism is with 54.7%, followed by Muslim with 26.5% and Christianity with 18.3%. "Mappila Muslim Culture" State University of New York Press, Albany (2015); p. xi. By 1951, their numbers had dwindled to 61%. 2021 Census procedure is going to become one of the largest population counting processes in the world. Chennai-based Centre for Policy Studies states that the number of Muslims was 37.7 million (10.4%). 1951 Indian census showed that there were 8.3 million Christians. The Marthoma Nasranis back then also has the role of pollution neutralizers ie.,if a lower caste person hand over a substance to a Nasrani and if he in turn gives it to an upper caste, say for example Brahmin, then there would be no pollution for that Brahmin.[51]. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²; its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. Other communities are: Church of South India, Pentecostalism, St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India. Like elsewhere, Hindus worship many divinities (gods and goddesses), the most important being - Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara (Siva) - thecreator, the preservator and destroyer. Between 1901 and 1951, the Muslims rose by 0.25% (from 17.28% of Kerala to 17.53%), the Christians rose by 7% (from 13.8% to 20.9%) and the Hindus fell from 69% to 61%. India’s Muslim population is growing slower than it had in the previous decades, and its growth rate has slowed more sharply than that of the Hindu population, new Census data show. On September 20, Adivasis from Jharkhand staged a massive protest, forming a huge human chain that included hundreds of people from villages, towns, blocks and panchayat wards, and many organizations and committees as well. [22][23], The arrival of the Portuguese traders in the late 15th century checked the then well-established and wealthy Muslim community's progress. General Register Office: 1951 Census Returns Description: Enumerators' schedules of returns made by heads of households for the 1951 census, which include the names, age, sex, occupation and parish and county of birth of individual members of the population of England, Wales and the Channel Islands; included in this series are returns from ships of the Royal Navy at sea and in ports abroad. The Portuguese did not look favorably on the Jews. [39] According to Knanaya christians, an endogamous ethnic group found among the Saint Thomas Christian community of Kerala, their existence in Kerala is traced back to the arrival of the Syrian merchant Thomas of Cana (Knāi Thoma) who led a migration of Syriac Christians (Jewish-Christians) from Mesopotamia to India in the 4th or 9th century. According to the 2011 census, of the total of 88.7 lakh Muslims in the State in 2011, 63.8 lakh are in North Kerala and only about 25 lakh in South Kerala. Anglo-Indian Christian communities formed around this time as Europeans and local Malayalis intermarried. Orthodox Communities are Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church and Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church. They destroyed the Jewish settlement in kodungallur and sacked the Jewish town in Cochin and partially destroyed the famous Cochin Synagogue in 1661. The population of India was counted as 361,088,090 (1:0.946 male:female)[3] Total population increased by 42,427,510, 13.31% more than the 318,660,580 people counted during the 1941 census. Great influx funds from the earnings of the employed followed. The caste system as ap… Miller, Roland. Kollam (en malayalam; കൊല്ലം ജില്ല) es un distrito de India, en el estado de Kerala.. Comprende una superficie de 2498 km².Según el censo de 2011, contaba con una población total de 2 629 703 habitantes. The series of violence eventually exploded as the infamous Mappila Uprising (1921–22). While Kerala has what appears to be rapid growth by the standards of most areas, its 4.9% decadal growth in 2011 was the lowest in India and less than one-third of the India average of 17.64%. Epigraphical evidence suggests that the shrine at "Tirukkunavay", perhaps located near Cochin, was the major Jain temple in medieval Kerala (from c. 9th century CE). [20][21] Muslim merchant magnates owning ships, spread their shipping and trading business interests across the Indian Ocean. [11] Hindus comprised about 73 per cent of the population of India before partition and just after independence, Independent India in (1947) have roughly around 85 per cent Hindus. © 2013-14 - The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi-110011 ) from India, while 7,249,000 Hindus and Sikhs moved to India from Pakistan (both West and East Pakistan). Some of the most notable temples are:Thrissur Vadakkunnathan Temple, Guruvayur Temple, Thriprayar Temple, Sabarimala Ayyappa Temple, Thiruvananthapuram Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple, Chottanikkara Temple, Chengannur Mahadeva Temple, Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple, Chettikulangara Devi Temple, Mannarasala Temple, Chakkulathukavu Temple, Thiruvalla Sreevallabha Temple, Kaviyoor Mahadevar Temple, Parumala Panayannarkavu Temple, Sree Poornathrayesa Temple, Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple, Trikkur Mahadeva Temple, Manalarkavu Devi Temple and Rajarajeshwara Temple. Malayali Hindus have unique ceremonies such as Chorunu (first feeding of rice to a child) and Vidyāraṃbhaṃ. In all Hindu form majority religion in 13 out of 14 districts of Kerala state. C-1 Population By Religious Community", "History | PAYYAPPILLY PALAKKAPPILLY NASRANI", "Socialist Politics Post-Mitterrand 1988–2002", http://cds.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/WP468.pdf, A social history of India S. N. Sadasivan APH Publishing, 2000, "THALASSERY - Education - BEMP Higher Secondary school", http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/Religion_PCA.html, "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2017, Page Number 90", http://www.ecostat.kerala.gov.in/images/pdf/publications/Vital_Statistics/data/vital_statistics_2016.pdf, "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2015, Page Number 21", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2014, Page Number 22", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2013, Page Number 22", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2012, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2011, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2010, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23-24", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2009, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 19-20", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2008, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 19-20", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2007, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 16", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2006, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 34", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2005, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 28", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Kerala&oldid=998635835, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Islam is the second largest practised religion in Kerala (26.56%) next to, Muslims in Kerala share a common language (, Very much unlike other parts of South Asia, the, Ever since the Indian Independence from the British in 1947, the overwhelming majority of Muslims in former, In south Kerala, the community generally supported the, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 09:23. [5] National Register of Citizens for Assam (NRC) was prepared soon after the census. The following Chart shows how the census questionnaire, the primary tool of census operations had been developed from census to census taking into account the changing needs of the country. The Nasranis were given special status outside the Varna system. [26][27], A large number of Muslims of Kerala found extensive employment in the Persian Gulf countries in the following years (c. 1970s). Population, decadal growth rate and net change of Kerala from 1901 to 2011. After Independence, cross-tabulation of data on religion was discontinued in the Indian Union, [44][45][46] The Knanaya claim descent from Thomas of Cana and those who came with him. Hindus comprised 303.5 million (84.1%), Sikhs were 6.86 million (1.9%) and Muslims were 35.4 million (9.8%) in the 1951 census. Between 1991 to 2001, there was a growth of 9.4% in population of Kerala, this further was down to 4.9% in last finished Census of 2011. Historians do not rule out the possibility of Islam being introduced to Kerala as early as the seventh century CE. This was included in the 1951-52 census after independence but was abolished in the 1961-62 census. [43] But at onset of an invasion Thomas is believed to have left northwest India traveled by vessel to the Malabar Coast, possibly visiting southeast Arabia and Socotra en route, and landing at the former flourishing port of Muziris (modern-day North Paravur and Kodungalloor). Volume VI. [citation needed]. [2] 1951 census was also the first census to be conducted under 1948 Census of India Act. Syriac Christians in Kerala are also called Nasranis and they are Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church, Assyrian Church of the East, Chaldean Syrian Church, Saint Thomas Anglicans, Syro-Malankara Catholic Church and Marthoma Syrian Church. In Malappuram district, the Muslims were the absolute majority in Kerala. Between 1951 and 1991, Kerala's population more than doubled from 15.6 million to 29.1 million, reaching 33.3 million by 2011. Kunhali, V. "Muslim Communities in Kerala to 1798" PhD Dissertation Aligarh Muslim University (1986). Further schism and rearrangements led to the formation of the other Indian Churches. Islam religion first came to Kerala and it is considered that this religion entered into India via Kerala. [34], Some of the Jain temples in Kerala were taken over by the Hindus at a later stage. After the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, most Jews decided to emigrate to Israel. [17][18] Travellers have recorded the considerably huge presence of Muslim merchants and settlements of sojourning traders in most of the ports of Kerala. ADVERTISEMENTS: Population of Various Religious Communities in India! E. J. Brill, Leiden. Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri was another Brahmin religious figure who composed Narayaniyam, a collection of verses in praise of Krishna. Buddhism probably flourished for 200 years (650-850) in Kerala. Religious groups which have work participation rate above the national average in descending order are Other religions (48.4 per cent), Buddhists (40.6 per cent), According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. Hinduism has a number of sacred writings, such as the Vedas, Upanishads, and Puranas which outline how its followers should conduct their lives. [9], Separate figures for Hindi, Urdu, and Punjabi were not issued, due to the fact the returns were intentionally recorded incorrect in states such as East Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, PEPSU, and Bilaspur.[10]. [33] This document records the royal gift of rights and privileges to the Jewish Chief of Anjuvannam Joseph Rabban. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? Religion in Kerala (2011 Official Census)[1], Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of the most religiously diverse states in India. [2] Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors. [47][48][49] Before the arrival of Europeans in Kerala there were only Marthoma Nasranis also called as Malankara Syrian Christians due to its historical, religious, and liturgical connection to Syriac Christianity. ADVERTISEMENTS: Religion is a way of life in India and it affects the social, economic and political structure of society. [12][13] Notable has been the occurrence of Cheraman Perumal Tajuddin, the Hindu King that moved to Arabia to meet the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and converted to Islam. Literacy rate in Kerala is 94.00 percent while sex ratio is 1084 females per 1000 males. [14][15][16] The Muslims were a major financial power to be reckoned with in the old kingdoms of Kerala and had great political influence in the Hindu royal courts. In Ernakulam, no religion formed the majority. 18% … Population of Kerala in 2021 increased to 3.48 Crore from 3.34 Crores figure of 2011 census. The demand for a separate religion code has been gaining momentum again. Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of the most religiously diverse states in India. Spice trade.he Islam religion was spread through these traders who came with him for Assam ( NRC was. Allowed the Jews to pursue their normal life and trade in Cochin religious who. More tolerant and allowed the Jews and Arabs were the pioneers in trade.he. 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